Jakarta environmental issues crown eco management - Emulsion fuel offers environmental benefits

Emulsion fuel

Environmental technology company Nano Bubble Technologies (NBT) says its emulsion fuels offer the boiler industry environmental and economic benefits.

NBT points out that a feature common to emulsion fuels is that they can be used with minimal service and maintenance requirements in boiler plants.

The company offers stable and cost-effec-tive fuel emulsions. The production of these emulsions involves the use of chemical additives, a mechanical blending process and technical know-how, ensuring that the emul- sions are stable throughout the working temperature and pressure range. The benefits of using emulsified fuels are derived only if the emulsified fuel remains stable immediately prior to combustion. NBT’s technologies reli- ably produce stable emulsified fuels of consis-tent quality and standard, says the company.

“Emulsions are inherently unstable. Over time, they will separate into the stable states of the dispersed and continuous-phase materials. “To maintain the composition of an emulsion, surface-active agents, or ‘surfactants’, are incorporated into the production of an oil-phased emulsion. In an oil-phased emulsion, these surfactant agents encase the droplets of water distributed throughout the continuous oil phase and prevent the water droplets from joining and coalescing,” says NBT depot sales manager Karl Henriksen.

NBT’s proprietary technology creates stable mixtures of emulsified fuels, which contain varying percentages of water content. The emulsion technology can be applied to bind various base fuels with water, creating an array of environment-friendly products that reduce both oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) pollution created during the combustion process.
“Combustion occurs on the surface of each fuel droplet as the fuel is exposed to oxygen in the air. Larger fuel droplets do not combust completely, causing unburned fuel to escape as particulate matter in exhaust gases. This reduces overall thermal efficiency and increases harmful emissions.

“Unlike ordinary fuels, when emulsified fuel droplets are sprayed into the combustion chamber, a secondary atomisation occurs as a result of the violent transformation of the water droplets into steam. This transformation of water into steam shatters the petroleum surrounding the water particle into much smaller fuel droplets,” explains Henriksen.

NBT emulsified fuels are a blend of traditional liquid fuels such as diesel, paraffin, heavy-fuel oil or biodiesel and water. The water is present as droplets of about 2 µm, which are distributed throughout the base fuel. The emulsion is known as an oil-phase emulsion. As a result, the finished emulsion has many of the physical characteristics of its base fuel.

Emulsion technology better atomises fuel through the vaporisation of water, allowing for a cooler and more complete combustion. In diesel- or biodiesel-based emulsions, extremely small water particles are entrained in the base fuel through a high-shear blending process that employs an additive to bind the water and fuel in a stable emulsion. Emulsions are the only fuel that simultaneously reduces both NOx and PM emissions.

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Topic : Crown Capital Eco Mgt - Genre : Blog

Jakarta Crown Eco Management: Wind Power Creates Jobs, Saves Money – Design21sdn Group


This clean energy investment will:

Create jobs: Create 460 construction jobs over two years and 48 permanent jobs.
Save money: Is expected to cut consumer rates by $3.3 million in 2015, growing to $10 million annually by 2017.

Benefit farmers and the state: Landowners that allow turbines on their land will be paid $3.2 million annually and the state is expected to generate more than $360 million in additional property tax revenues over the next 30 years.

Attract businesses: Facebook recently chose to locate a new data center in Iowa, in part because the company wants to meet its goal of getting 25% of its power from clean sources.

It's no wonder that clean energy enjoys such strong support when projects like this are creating jobs, attracting investment, saving consumers’ money and reducing pollution. More than 70% of Americans support expanding wind power and a whopping 85% of Iowans see wind energy as a positive for the state.

Smart politicians of both parties have already seen that running on an overwhelmingly popular issue like wind power can contribute to winning campaigns. In our Running Clean report, we describe the way that President Obama campaigned on wind energy during the 2012 election. He cited his support for federal tax incentives for wind energy (and his opponent's opposition to them) during stump speeches, in a television ad and in a special website dedicated to Iowa wind. Conservative Republicans in the state like Rep. Steve King and Rep. Tom Latham took the same position as the president, supporting wind energy and even urging Mitt Romney to change his mind. On Election Day, the President won the state by 6 points.

While some Members of Congress and other Washington insiders may think of clean energy as a wedge issue, the news out of the heartland shows that isn't the case on the ground. In the real world, clean energy is creating jobs and saving consumers money. And those are concepts that voters in both parties can agree on.

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Topic : Crown Capital Eco Mgt - Genre : Blog

CHIRPSTORY: £5.25m funding for heating and cooling efficiency study


The UK Research Council’s Energy Programme has announ-ced funding of £5.25m for a study of energy-efficient heating and cooling technologies.

The research will be carried out by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Storage, Transformation and Upgrading of Thermal Energy, which will be known as i-STUTE.

The University of Warwick will play a leading role in the project, working alongside London South Bank, Loughborough and Ulster universities.

i-STUTE director Professor Bob Critoph told H&V News the intention is to outline a strategy that will be easily understandable for consumers that will also “allow suppliers to make money”.

He stated that i-STUTE was already speaking to companies such as Dimplex, Emerson and all the major boiler manufacturers.

“We want to identify something that’s universally acceptable,” said Prof Critoph, explaining that the four partners had already carried out work in a number of complementary areas.

“In many ways this follows on from the work we did within CALEBRE [Consumer-Appealing Low Energy technologies for Building Retrofitting],” Prof Critoph said, adding that this would allow the project to “hit the ground running”.

He also revealed that there would be a focus on studying air-to-water and gas-absorption heat pumps.

The four partners are due to sign legal documents to confirm their involvement by 1 June.

The project will run for five years and be able to diverge its studies if necessary.


Topic : Crown Capital Eco Mgt - Genre : Blog


The Vermont Times Argus published a spot-on review of a new book by Bill McKibben -one of many who made a career out of jetting between conferences about the environment.

It’s written by Suzanna Jones, described as “an off-the-grid farmer living in Walden.” She does not object to local power – but disagrees with McKibben about the trend towards industrial scale renewables. It is, she says, part of the mainstreaming of the environmental movement.

“In his 2008 book “Deep Economy,” Bill McKibben concludes that economic growth is the source of the ecological crises we face today. He explains that when the economy grows larger than necessary to meet our basic needs – when it grows for the sake of growth, automatically striving for “more” – its social and environmental costs greatly outweigh any benefits it may provide.

Unfortunately, McKibben seems to have forgotten what he so passionately argued just five years ago. Today he is an advocate of industrial wind turbines on our ridgelines: He wants to industrialize our last wild spaces to feed the very economy he fingered as the source of our environmental problems.

His key assumption is that industrial wind power displaces the use of coal and oil, and therefore helps limit climate change. But since 2000, wind facilities with a total capacity equivalent to 350 coal-fired power plants have been installed worldwide, and today there are more – not fewer – coal-fired power plants operating.

(In Vermont, the sale of renewable energy credits to out-of-state utilities enables them to avoid mandates to reduce their fossil fuel dependency, meaning that there is no net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.)

At best, industrial wind simply adds more energy to the global supply. And what for? More! More energy than the grid can carry, more idiotic water parks, more snowmaking, more electronic gadgets, more money for corporations.

Why should we spend millions of dollars to destroy wildlife habitat, kill bats and eagles, pollute our headwaters, fill valuable wetlands, polarize our communities, make people sick, mine rare-earth metals – just to ensure that we can consume as much or more next year than we did this year?

The costs of industrial wind far outweigh the benefits – unless you are a wind developer. Federal production tax credits and other subsidies have fostered a gold rush mentality among wind developers, who have been abetted by political and environmental leaders who want to appear “green” without challenging the underlying causes of our crises.

Meanwhile, average Vermonters find themselves without any ability to protect their communities or the ecosystems of which they are a part. The goal of an industrial wind moratorium is to stop the gold rush so we can have an honest discussion on these issues.

Why does this frighten proponents of big wind? Because once carefully examined, industrial wind will be exposed for the scam that it is.

McKibben’s current attitude toward the environment has been adopted by politicians, corporations, and the big environmental organizations. Environmentalism has been successfully mainstreamed, at the cost of its soul.

This co-opted version isn’t about protecting the land base from the ever-expanding empire of humans. It’s about sustaining the comfort levels we feel entitled to without exhausting the resources required. It is entirely human-centered and hollow, and it serves corporate capitalism well.

In “Deep Economy,” McKibben points out that the additional “stuff” provided by an ever-growing economy doesn’t leave people happier; instead, the source of authentic happiness is a healthy connection to nature and community. As Vermonters have already discovered, industrial wind destroys both.
SOURCE OF STORY: http://www.topix.com/forum/business/THMT7M2B8PR84QNNT

Topic : NEWS - Genre : Blog

Indonesia Beef Imports Rife with Corruption on Crown Capital Eco


When Indonesia slashed quotas on beef imports in 2011, the goal was to boost domestic production. But the ensuing shortage has pushed prices skyward, and fed a corrupt system where quotas go to the highest bidder.

Several unscrupulous meatball producers were even caught secretly mixing pork with beef to keep costs low.

An ongoing investigation by the anti-corruption commission (KPK) has toppled the president of the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), who resigned after being accused of receiving kickbacks from executives of a major meat importer, Indoguna.

Industry players said that endemic graft worsened after the government slashed import quotas in 2011 from 100,000 tones a year in 2011 to 40,000 tones last year and 32,000 tones this year. Some beef importers began bribing officials to get a share of the pie, and smuggled beef into the country.

Indonesian Meat Importers Association executive director Thomas Sembiring told The Straits Times that so long as meat import quotas are imposed and enforcement is "not transparent", graft will remain a problem.

"Bribery, corruption — it's already in their bone marrow. You have to cut down maybe two generations to get rid [of it]."

The big problem, said Franky Sibarani, deputy secretary-general of the Indonesian employers association Apindo, is that there are no good numbers on demand and supply "and therefore, lack of enforcement of the quota."

Late last month, PKS president Luthfi Hasan Ishaaq resigned and was detained after his aide Ahmad Fathanah was caught with one billion rupiah ($103,000). The money was allegedly a bribe from Indoguna directors to Luthfi, who has influence with officials at the Agriculture Ministry led by fellow PKS member Suswono.

Days after his arrest, Customs officers found 1.7 tones of undeclared wagyu beef in a raid at Jakarta's Tanjong Priok port, brought in by Indoguna.

Importers said the process of securing a share of these quotas is opaque and open to abuse at various levels of government.

Investigative magazine Tempo, which broke the story on corrupt practices in beef imports in 2011, reported last week that a businessman had been offered a slice of the quota if he was willing to pay 10,000 rupiah a kilo in bribes.

Since quotas were slashed two years ago, the price of beef for the public has more than doubled, on average, to hit some 100,000 rupiah a kilo.

In December, consumers were outraged when police and agriculture officials, acting on a tip-off, raided a factory in South Jakarta and found workers had mixed beef with pork, which is much cheaper, to make meatballs.

Ultimately, critics said, the quotas should be reconsidered as local production is a long way off from meeting rising consumption.

"Indonesia cannot produce live cattle in time to cater to rising consumption from a growing middle-income group, foreign workers and tourists," Siswono Yudhohusodo, who is in the parliamentary committee on agriculture, told reporters.

"The government needs to rethink its agrarian policy."

Topic : NEWS - Genre : Blog

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